The Bagan cultural authority has introduced a tax against all foreigners for (Jan 2017) 20USD, 20EUR or 25,000 Kyat upon arrival.
At the moment, Bagan is accessible by air, rail, bus, car and river boat. The Airport is called Nyaung U. There are several flights to Bagan from Yangon on Asian Wings , Air KBZ, Golden Myanmar Airlines, Mann Yadanarpon Airlines and Myanmar National Airlines with tickets starting at US$118. Air KBZ and Myanmar National Airlines both offer instant online booking.
Asian Wings, Golden Myanmar, Mann Yadanarpon and Myanmar National Airlines also fly from Mandalay.
The airport is located on the outskirts of Nyaung U and it takes about 20 minutes by taxi to reach Bagan. The cost is usually around 7000-10000 kyat.
Recently, overnight trains run daily from Yangon, departing at about 4:00 pm and arriving in Bagan at about 10:00 am the following day, at prices ranging from a few thousand Kyat (a few dollars) in second class, to US$50 for a “luxury” sleeper.
There is a direct train service running from Mandalay to Bagan with two departures daily. Tickets are available directly at the railway station and cost about US$6 one way. The journey takes about seven hours. (April 2013 – Trains have been reported to take up to 10 hours for this route).
Highway buses now arrive at the new Bagan Shwe Pyi Highway Bus Terminal (7 km from Nyaung-U center, 10 km from New Bagan). As of November 2018, all major bus companies (e.g. JJ Express, Bagan Min Thar) offer free transfer/drop-off service to your lodging by a mini-bus or truck.
Comfortable bus links from Mandalay are available from 8,500 kyat (coach) and minibus. Coach takes as little as 5 hours as a new highway is available for part of the route. There are many bus options to choose from. As of Mar 2015, there are 4 daily minibuses (8am, 10am, two in the afternoon), and 2 daily coaches.
A daily “express” ferry service leaving at 7 a.m. runs down the Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy) from Mandalay to Bagan taking 8-9 hours. One-way ticket is US$40 + US$5 commission. Price includes a boxed breakfast, coffee, and lunchtime stir fry. Arrival times vary from 3 p.m. – 5 p.m.